Effect of Astaxanthin on Pregnant Mothers
Why astaxanthin is not suitable for pregnant women:
Ø Astaxanthin is not recommended for use during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Ø Astaxanthin has been studied as an agent to treat male infertility (Ross et al., 2010).
Ø Astaxanthin may be unsafe in pregnant women, as it may affect reproductive hormones.
Ø Testosterone affects lean body tissue, muscle size, muscle strength, and sexual function in men.
Ø 5-alpha reductase is present in small amounts in muscle and converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
Ø Use cautiously in women who are pregnant or might become pregnant, as Astaxanthin may inhibit 5-alpha reductase.
Ø It is reported that there is elevated 5-alpha-reductase activity in PCOS follicles, supporting the hypothesis of 5-alpha-reductase may play a role in pathogenesis of PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) (Jakimiuk et al, 1999).
Ø 5-alpha-reductase converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, if a female has high level of dihydrotestosterone, she will develop increased body, facial and pubic hair growth, stopping of menstrual periods and increased acne. She may also develop abnormal changes in genitalia (“Dihydrotestosterone”, 2015).
Ø Women who are breast feeding or who are pregnant should avoid taking supplements or using the substance topically. There is no documented danger, but avoiding anything which might be passed to the baby or to the foetus should be avoided. Since this is an antioxidant that passes the blood-brain barrier, it is best avoided.